Freedom in Mongolia in 2016 by Freedom House

2016-12-12 10:12 GMT+8


Capital: Ulaanbatar
Population: 3,120,622
GDP/Capita: $4,129.40
Press Freedom Status: Partly Free
Net Freedom Status: N/A

President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj was in the middle of his second four-year term in 2015 after winning the 2013 presidential election. Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg of the Democratic Party (DP), who took office in 2014, remained at the helm of a coalition government. In August, six cabinet members from the coalition’s other major party, the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP), were discharged from their positions as part of preparations for the 2016 national elections.

Mongolia continued to experience economic difficulties including growing public debt and reduced foreign investment. Corruption, the alignment of politicians and powerful business interests, and politicization of the media remained key challenges to freedom and democracy.

POLITICAL RIGHTS rating: 1    (Political Rights score: 36/40)
Countries and territories with a rating of 1 enjoy a wide range of political rights, including free and fair elections. Candidates who are elected actually rule, political parties are competitive, the opposition plays an important role and enjoys real power, and the interests of minority groups are well represented in politics and government. 

CIVIL LIBERTIES rating: 2    (Civil Liberties score: 50/60)
Countries and territories with a rating of 2 have slightly weaker civil liberties than those with a rating of 1 because of such factors as limits on media independence, restrictions on trade union activities, and discrimination against minority groups and women.

FREEDOM RATING rating: 1.5     
The average of a country’s or territory’s political rights and civil liberties ratings is called the Freedom Rating, and it is this figure that determines the status of Free (1.0 to 2.5) Also, a designation of Free does not mean that a country or territory enjoys perfect freedom or lacks serious problems, only that it enjoys comparatively more freedom than those rated Partly Free or Not Free (and some others rated Free).

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