97.3 percent of ger district households living in Ulaanbaatar city are using pit latrines that do not comply with the standards, resulting adverse impact on human health, soil and environment as much as air pollution.
Meanwhile very small percentage of households, schools, kindergartens are using improved sanitary facilities in countryside.
International consultation meeting under the topic of Solution of sanitary facilities in countries with cold climate is taking place in Shangri-La Hotel Ulaanbaatar starting today. The 3-day meeting aims to share experiences of cold-climate countries, research best ways to improve sanitation facilities, find solutions and advanced technologies.
The meeting has gathered more than 150 guest and representatives from international, governmental and non-governmental organizations.
In scope of following main topics, 16 speeches will be delivered and the meeting attendees will discuss the possible solutions.
According to the 2015 statistics, 218 thousands of households of ger districts were using over 100 thousands of pit latrines.
A person average approximately 200 grams of poop and 1.2 liters of urine per day, according to the World Health Organization. If one household has four people, they eliminate 720 grams of poop and 4.3 liters of urine per day. Thus, around 1 million liters of feces pollute the soil through the pit latrines everyday.
Intestinal infectious diseases took 9.9 percent of infectious diseases caused by microbial contamination of soil while 84.1 percent of hand-foot-and-mouth disease was registered in Ulaanbaatar city.
Sulfur and ammonia produced from pit toilet belong to a category of toxic gases and stand 4th in toxicity ranking. Ammonia is harmful to human health, affects fetus and causes birth defects. Also, it causes infertility.
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