Mongolia ranked Asia's third weakest country

ZGM DAILY

2018-05-16 10:57 GMT+8

According to the Asia Power Index which was released by the Lowy Institute on May 8, Mongolia is ranked 23rd out of 25 countries. The Lowy Institute Asia Power Index is an analytical tool that aims to sharpen the debate on power dynamics in Asia.

Mongolia's defense networks receive the highest score, while the cultural influence falls short 

The Index measures power across 25 countries and territories in the Asia-Pacific region, reaching as far west as Pakistan, as far north as Russia, and as far into the Pacific as Australia, New Zealand and the United States. The Index breaks down power into eight distinct measures, over 114 indicators, allowing variations in power projection to be measured within and between countries. Annual editions of the Index will track how the distribution of power in Asia shifts over time.

A country’s overall power is its weighted average across eight measures of power:

  • Economic resources,
  • military capability,
  • resilience,
  • future trends,
  • diplomatic influence,
  • economic relationships,
  • defense networks,
  • cultural influence.

USA and China are ranked as super powers with 85 and 75.5 scores respectively out of 100, while Japan and India were categorized as major powers with 42.1 and 41.5 scores. Russia, together with many others, were ranked as middle powers with 33.3 – 11.4 scores. Mongolia on the other hand, scored 5 points and was among the minor powers, which had less than 11.4 points. The two countries ranked lower than Mongolia were Laos and Nepal with 4.8 and 3.1 scores respectively.

Mongolia’s peak field of power was its defense networks with 9.9 points. Defence networks are defence partnerships that act as force multipliers of military capability; measured through assessments of alliances, non-allied partnerships and arms transfers.

As for its weakest point, the cultural influence rate has sunk the overall power rating of Mongolia with 0.2 points. The Lowy highlighted Mongolia as an underachiever considering its overall power and available resources.

The Lowy Institute concluded that global wealth and power are shifting eastwards. “Three of the world’s four largest economies are in Asia, and the fourth, the United States, is a Pacific power. By 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population will live in Asia, compared with just over a tenth in the West. Asia’s economic transformation is reshaping the global distribution of power, changing the way the region - and indeed the world - works politically and strategically. Just as significantly, tensions between Asian powers will define war and peace in the twenty-first century,” highlighted Lowy Institute in its report. It was noted that data was drawn from hundreds of publicly available sources and original Lowy Institute research. 

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