Officials suggest reducing livestock heads to prevent climate change

ZGM DAILY

2019-01-25 17:19 GMT+8

AGRICULTURE-DRIVEN GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION INCREASED BY 10 PERCENT

Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) has presented Mongolia’s contribution to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, during which the ministry addressed the importance of reducing livestock heads to minimize greenhouse gas emission.

As of 2017, greenhouse gas emission of Mongolia averaged 34 million tons. Mongolia is considered one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. While other countries are aiming to limit the annual change in climate at 1.5 Celsius degrees, the same indicator is exceeding 2.5 in Mongolia.

Upcoming energy projects include heat-loss reduction

Another fact is the unusual weather, such as off-season snow and rain, as well as sudden swings in temperature. According to the MET, Mongolia’s action plan until 2030 includes a 14 percent reduction to greenhouse gas emission.

One of the key objectives in this regard is to limit livestock impact on climate change by focusing on quality over quantity, reducing the number of livestock heads. Plus, the Green Climate Fund has planned to implement several USD 500 million worth projects, one of which is the construction of 10,000 household accommodation.

Renewable energy is another major solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Within this frame, Mongolia has established a solar power plant in Sumber soum of Gobisumber province. Upcoming energy projects include a heatloss reduction.

According to the MET, 60 percent of greenhouse gas emissions used to be caused by the energy sector, while agriculture made up 40 percent. With the completion of renewable energy, the greenhouse gas emission created by the energy sector was reduced by 10 percent. On the contrary, the agriculture-driven emission increased by 10 percent in the same period.

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