Fundamentals of Mongolian Foreign Policy


2019-04-09 14:30 GMT+8


Since the 1990s, our President and governments have been implementing a foreign policy that strengthened their independence, balance, activity, openness, and multi­pragmatic state. When it comes to introducing it to the general audience, it is likely that the foreign policy will be simplified, misinformed, and people will misunderstand the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Therefore, I tried to simplify foreign policy.

Do consider that the current foreign policy of Mongolia did not begin on a straight path. Mongolia has been a satellite state of the Soviet Union. However, we have set a great new path in our foreign policy, succeeded in maintaining a good relationship with the world, and established democracy.

Our country has developed and adopted National Security and Foreign Policy Concepts for the first time in 1994. The concepts were first introduced in the Parliamentary Action Program of the Democratic governor in 1996 and were adopted by the next parliaments.

In the past 28 years, two bipolar political forces have been forming the Cabinet. However, they were able to achieve the integrity of foreign policy and to implement the most active foreign policy in international relations. In the new century, Mongolia was able to embark on a fight against international terrorism and to contribute to peacekeeping operations. It was a big step forward in foreign policy innovation. Globalization and regional integration have brought both new opportunities and challenges to Mongolia's foreign policy. We are facing a tough road due to the challenge of experiencing a less developed economy. This is a temporary phenomenon.

With this transition of the state, it is certain that foreign affairs, which is just one area of focus, will move forward and progressively increase. In addition to foreign relations, defense, economics, society, education, health, law, and environmental fields must be compared.

I want to make some theoretical explanations to better understand the current foreign policy of Mongolia. The connection between the external environment and foreign policy is necessary. The following table is designed to simplify this.

Our diplomats, who were working in the same sector with me, have done their best to create a favorable environment and develop international cooperation. We cannot deny it. For example, The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Embassy in Brussels have been working to extend the "GSP+" tariff discount system to introduce Mongolia's preferential tax treatment with the European Union. This agreement is being concluded with other EU member states.

It is also true that Mongolia is not using the GSP+ tariff discount (to import 7700 types of products without customs duty) system. At present, there are about 20 types of goods that are exempt from customs duty. If this is the case, our economics, business, and trade partners should be responsible for it.


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